The skin is the largest organ of the human body and it performs a lot of very important functions such as protection, body temperature regulation, and sensation. Aside from these, the skin also hugely affects our aesthetic appeal or simply put, how we look. The condition of your skin can be a huge factor in how good you look.
One of the common skin conditions that affect a lot of women is melasma, also known as hyperpigmentation. This is characterized by brown patches that often appear on the face, neck, and arms. Although one of the biggest risk factors for melasma is sun exposure, genes and hormones can also be blamed.
If you are dealing with melasma and looking for the right melasma treatment to help you, here are some of the best options available to you:
Among the easiest hyperpigmentation treatments you can try are melasma creams. Although consultation with your dermatologist is still ideal, there are lots of over-the-counter creams that you can try. These creams often contain one or a combination of these ingredients: hydroquinone, tretinoin, and a corticosteroid. Cysteamine cream as a treatment for melasma is also growing in popularity for those who want a hydroquinone-free and corticosteroid free solution.
Although often offering only temporary results, laser and light therapy is still a treatment option for melasma. For best results, multiple sessions are often recommended and it is a must to minimize sun exposure. Compared to melasma creams that you can simply apply on your own, laser therapy requires in-office consultation with your doctor.
A lot of people who suffer from melasma swear by chemical peels. This treatment can be highly effective especially for those who only have a mild case of hyperpigmentation. It involves controlled application of a chemical unto the skin which will allow the top layers of the skin to peel off, revealing new skin. Although there are over-the-counter chemical peel solutions that you can buy, it is best to consult your doctor and have an in-office procedure.
With the same goal of removing top layers of the skin, microdermabrasion is an alternative to those wary of trying chemical peels. This procedure involves gentle exfoliation of the skin using abrasion and suction. This is usually a quick and painless in-office procedure and provides the added result of softer and smoother skin afterwards.
The ideal melasma treatment varies from person to person. Other people sometimes need a combination of treatments such as having a microdermabrasion treatment and then using a melasma cream to get the results that they want. Remember to work with your doctor in finding the right combination that will work for you.
Aside from treatment, prevention is also the key. No amount of progress or improvement can be provided by any of these treatments if you constantly go out under the sun without any sun protection. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen with SPF of at least 50 every time you go out. Wearing hats and sunglasses may also help in preventing your melasma from worsening.