Automation of the education sector is reduced not only to mass online courses, it also comes to schools, home, and higher education. Only teachers by vocation will probably withstand the competition with the machines.
Class of informatics
Today’s internet space provides a huge amount of information incomprehensible to human processing. More than a thousand books and millions of articles are published every year. From all this variety of information, you need to extract something useful. The problem of lack of knowledge no longer exists. Today’s problem is an overabundance of information.
According to EMC, the volume of today’s information on the internet is comparable to the number of grains of sand on all the beaches of the planet. Knowledge comes from various IT resources – from internet portals and chatbots to virtual reality and robot teachers. Children of the future will not be taught only by textbooks.
As early as the end of 1970, the University of Illinois developed the first e-learning system for PLATO students. Its main purpose was to help students in writing course papers. It was thanks to its creation that the era of online courses, forums, and also many of the tools known today began. PLATO did not become particularly popular in the educational world, although it put the necessary vector in the formation of e-learning.
In the 1980s in England, tens of thousands of students and hundreds of teachers already used applications to study mathematics and new technologies. Computers actively entered the student life. The universities began to host electronic terminals and separate classes of informatics. In Canadian junior schools, children have already been trained directly at the computer, and California has developed a distance learning project.
Rapidly developing, IT technologies have increasingly begun to enter the educational environment. In the whole world, a modern educational institution could no longer be imagined without a class of informatics. And today every third school in England already uses smartphones and tablets in the educational process.
Teachers teach children skills in the field of digital, how to code, and create applications. At Essa Academy, young people have been using Apple products since 2009. Singapore’s Nanyang University of Technology gives each of its students an iPad for classes. Teachers, together with schoolchildren, exchange ideas for extra-curricular activities in chat rooms, use applications to develop educational materials, and hold discussions on Skype.
Singapore today is perhaps one of the most technologically advanced countries, but it is no exception. Schools and educational institutions in the US, China, and a number of other countries support the initiative of introducing new technologies in the educational process.
Along with the development of new technologies, the curriculum is also changing. The child is already being taught to use various gadgets, familiarized with internet portals, and install chatbots. Encouraging the study of a new, modern pedagogy system, we need to revise the choice of subjects of study.
What to teach?
The forthcoming 4th technological revolution must push the educational system towards the training of technical personnel. The world’s largest IT companies are already laying out programming and engineering popularization in their strategies – Apple launches Swift playgrounds to teach children programming, and the creators of the largest organizations sponsor the online platform code.org. Components develop at a tremendous speed, which leads to the fact that now the child can assemble the desired construction from LEGO Robotics or take the Arduino controller and create something completely unique.
In 2014, developers from Osmo created the Osmo Pizza game, which taught children the basics of programming. It was included in the list of 25 best inventions of the year according to Time Magazine. Tynker has plans to introduce programs to teach children the basics of coding through the programming of the Parrot drones in more than 60,000 US schools.
It is possible that soon we will see kindergartens, where educators with tablets in their hands will teach children foreign languages, mathematics, and programming. All this is the first stage of training future specialists for the industry 4.0. If children do not begin to learn technical principles from an early age, then in the future it will be increasingly difficult for them to adapt to the professional environment.
The world of the future – today
If we return to the problem of overabundance of information, then it is worth noting that without the help of modern technologies a person is unlikely to be able to obtain quality knowledge. This year, artificial intelligence will be increasingly involved in the field of education. By studying the Big Data technologies and machine learning, we can curb the continuous flow of information and get something useful out of it. Today’s study of these technologies will allow young specialists to become popular on the labor market of the future. Children are becoming part of the emerging information society. They must learn to master the tools of the new century – intellectual tools.
The transition to the use of new technologies not only on a large scale but also in everyday life, is becoming more and more noticeable. Students are already using bots to get a quick response on their smartphone. Tools like Google Home, Amazon Echo (Alexa), and Siri help students find information in the question-and-answer format faster.
Artificial intelligence, described in this interpretive essay, intelligence helps not only students but also teachers. Universities are already introducing the practice of modern technologies into the educational program. A professor at Georgia Tech University uses a chat assistant to help students with online answers. Students can not only perform tasks faster but also conduct extra-curricular classes online. Thus, the emergence of virtual tutors will start replacing the real ones.
Modern technologies accelerate the learning process and also help the trained professionals in the work. This concerns not only the introduction of artificial intelligence. In the near future, virtual reality technologies will help medical students perform practical operations without causing harm to the patient.
The Next Galaxy company is working on a single social VR platform CeeK. The developers plan to make a whole virtual world with shops, meeting places, and classes for training. Sitting at home, the student will be able to attend classes only by wearing a special device in the form of glasses. Of course, this introduces some fears that children will completely lose their sense of reality. However, entering the virtual world will allow people with disabilities to attend classes and communicate with peers.